Air Pollution and Attention in Polish Schoolchildren with and Without Adhd

24 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2023

See all articles by Mikołaj Fryderyk Compa

Mikołaj Fryderyk Compa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Clemens Baumbach

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

Katarzyna Kaczmarek-Majer

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Dorota Buczyłowska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

Gabriela Gradys

University of Gdansk

Krzysztof Skotak

National Research Institute (PIB) - Institute of Environmental Protection (IOS)

Anna Degórska

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jakub Bratkowski

National Research Institute (PIB) - Institute of Environmental Protection (IOS)

Maja Wierzba-Łukaszyk

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

Yarema Mysak

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow

Małgorzata Lipowska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow

Bernadetta Izydorczyk

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

James Grellier

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Dariusz Asanowicz

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Iana Markevych

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

Marcin Szwed

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology

Abstract

Background: Development and functioning of attention—a key component of human cognition—can be affected by environmental factors. We investigated whether long- and short-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <10 µm (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are related to attention in 10- to 13- year-old children living in Polish towns and cities recruited in the NeuroSmog case-control study.Methods: We investigated associations between air pollution and attention separately in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, cases, n=187), a sensitive, at-risk population, and non-ADHD population-based healthy controls (n=465). Alerting, orienting, and executive aspects of attention were measured using the Attention Network Test (ANT), while inhibitory control was measured with the Continuous Performance Test (CPT). We assessed long-term exposure to NO2 and PM10 using novel hybrid land use regression (LUR) models. Short-term exposures to NO2 and PM10 were assigned to each subject using measurements taken at the air pollution monitoring station nearest to their home address. We tested associations for each exposure-outcome pair using adjusted linear and negative binomial regressions.Results: We found that long-term exposures to both NO2 and PM10 were associated with worse visual attention in ADHD cases. Short-term exposure to NO2 was associated with less efficient executive attention in controls and higher error rates in ADHD cases. It was also associated with shorter CPT response times in controls; however, this effect was accompanied by a trend towards more CPT commission errors, suggestive of more impulsive performance in these subjects. Finally, we found that short-term PM10 exposure was associated with fewer omission errors in CPT in controls.Conclusions: Exposure to air pollution, especially short-term exposure to NO2, may have a negative impact on cognitive functioning in children.

Keywords: ADHD, air pollution, attention, child development, CPT, ANT

Suggested Citation

Compa, Mikołaj Fryderyk and Baumbach, Clemens and Kaczmarek-Majer, Katarzyna and Buczyłowska, Dorota and Gradys, Gabriela and Skotak, Krzysztof and Degórska, Anna and Bratkowski, Jakub and Wierzba-Łukaszyk, Maja and Mysak, Yarema and Sitnik-Warchulska, Katarzyna and Lipowska, Małgorzata and Izydorczyk, Bernadetta and Grellier, James and Asanowicz, Dariusz and Markevych, Iana and Szwed, Marcin, Air Pollution and Attention in Polish Schoolchildren with and Without Adhd. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4379273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4379273

Mikołaj Fryderyk Compa (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Clemens Baumbach

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

Katarzyna Kaczmarek-Majer

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Dorota Buczyłowska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

Gabriela Gradys

University of Gdansk ( email )

80-309 Gdańsk
Poland

Krzysztof Skotak

National Research Institute (PIB) - Institute of Environmental Protection (IOS) ( email )

Anna Degórska

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Jakub Bratkowski

National Research Institute (PIB) - Institute of Environmental Protection (IOS) ( email )

Maja Wierzba-Łukaszyk

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

Yarema Mysak

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow ( email )

Collegium Novum
ul. Gołębia 24
Kraków, 31-007
Poland

Małgorzata Lipowska

Jagiellonian University in Krakow ( email )

Collegium Novum
ul. Gołębia 24
Kraków, 31-007
Poland

Bernadetta Izydorczyk

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

James Grellier

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Dariusz Asanowicz

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Iana Markevych

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

Marcin Szwed

Jagiellonian University in Krakow - Institute of Psychology ( email )

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