Revisiting the Framework for Compulsory Licensing of Patents in the European Union

27 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2023

See all articles by Matthias Lamping

Matthias Lamping

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Pedro Henrique D. Batista

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Juan I. Correa

WIPO Academy & University of Turin Master of Laws in Intellectual Property 2017/2018

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Miriam Steinhart

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: March 2, 2023

Abstract

Within the scope of its initiative on “Compulsory Licensing in the EU”, the European Commission launched a call for evidence on 1 April 2022 and a public consultation on 7 July 2022 with the aim of gathering views from stakeholders. The objective of this initiative is to explore the possibility of revising the framework for compulsory licensing in the EU to make it more “adequately prepared and coordinated to tackle future crises”. The authors of this position paper welcome the Commission’s attempt to reinvigorate the public discourse on this important subject. This paper addresses selected aspects by way of a preliminary, non-exhaustive note on: the proposed reform’s scope and the grounds for a compulsory licence; the requirements of prior negotiation and licensing failure; government use; procedural matters; compulsory licences for patent applications and products; the relation with other regulations and sui generis regimes (i.e. trade secret protection, regulatory data protection, and supplementary protection certificates); the concept of adequate remuneration; compulsory licences for European patents with unitary effect; and the exhaustion of products placed on the market under a compulsory licence.

Keywords: intellectual property, patents, compulsory licensing, licence, government use, European Commission, EU, harmonisation, judicial cooperation, emergency, urgency, crisis, negotiation, TRIPS, Doha Declaration, WTO, waiver, COVID, public interest, health, nutrition, environment, competition law, failure

Suggested Citation

Lamping, Matthias and Batista, Pedro Henrique D. and Correa, Juan I. and Hilty, Reto and Kim, Daria and Slowinski, Peter R. and Steinhart, Miriam, Revisiting the Framework for Compulsory Licensing of Patents in the European Union (March 2, 2023). Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 23-07, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4381959 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4381959

Matthias Lamping (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Pedro Henrique D. Batista

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Juan I. Correa

WIPO Academy & University of Turin Master of Laws in Intellectual Property 2017/2018 ( email )

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU)

Munich, 80539
Germany

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Miriam Steinhart

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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