Friedman's Money Supply Rule vs Optimal Interest Rate Policy
Bank of Finland Discussion Paper No. 10/2003
24 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2003
Date Written: April 14, 2003
Using New Keynesian models, we compare Friedman's k-percent money supply rule to optimal interest rate setting, with respect to determinacy, stability under learning and optimality. We first review the recent literature. Open-loop interest rate rules are subject to indeterminacy and instability problems, but a properly chosen expectations-based rule yields determinacy and stability under learning, and implements optimal policy. We then show that Friedman's rule also can generate equilibria that are determinate and stable under learning. However, in computing the mean quadratic welfare loss, we find that for calibrated models Friedman's rule performs poorly compared to the optimal interest rate rule.
Keywords: Monetary policy, determinacy, stability under learning
JEL Classification: E52, E31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation