Gender and Corruption in Firms: The Importance of Regional Context

46 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2023

See all articles by João Pedro Bastos

João Pedro Bastos

Dept. of Ag. & Applied Economics, Texas Tech University; Texas Tech University Free Market Institute

Jamie Bologna Pavlik

Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics

Date Written: March 13, 2023

Abstract

The idea that there are gendered differences in corruption in the political arena is common. Two explanations for these differences include risk aversion and network effects. However, business leaders include a self-selected group of individuals that are comparatively risk tolerant and well-connected. Using firm-level data for 144 countries from 2006 to 2019, we test whether female-run businesses engage in corruption differently than men. In the aggregate, we find a potentially puzzling result: female-managed firms are engaged in less corruption and report it being less of an obstacle compared to their male-counterparts; female-owned firms are just the opposite. Once we disaggregate the data into region specific estimates, a clearer pattern emerges. Corruption is more harmful for female-run firms in the areas of the world that have more gender inequality overall.

Keywords: Corruption, Gender, Inequality JEL Codes:J16, D73

JEL Classification: J16, D73

Suggested Citation

Bastos, João Pedro and Bologna Pavlik, Jamie, Gender and Corruption in Firms: The Importance of Regional Context (March 13, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4387655 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4387655

João Pedro Bastos

Dept. of Ag. & Applied Economics, Texas Tech University ( email )

Box 42132
Lubbock, TX 79409-2132
United States

Texas Tech University Free Market Institute ( email )

Box 45059
Lubbock, TX 79409-5059
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.depts.ttu.edu/freemarketinstitute/people/bastos.php

Jamie Bologna Pavlik (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics ( email )

Suite 167, 2625 Memorial Circle
TTU Administration
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

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