Signs of Consciousness in Ai: Can Gpt-3 Tell How Smart it Really is?

37 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2023

See all articles by Ljubisa Bojic

Ljubisa Bojic

University of Belgrade, Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory

Irena Stojković

University of Belgrade, Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Zorana Jolić Marjanović

University of Belgrade - Faculty of Philosophy

Abstract

The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) has been transforming the way humans live, work, and interact with one another. From automation to personalized customer service, AI has had a profound impact on everyday life. At the same time, AI has become something of an ideology, lauded for its potential to revolutionize the future. Yet, as with any technology, there are risks and concerns associated with its use. For example, Blake Lemoine, a Google engineer, recently suggested the possibility of the AI chatbot LaMDA becoming sentient. GPT-3 is one of the most powerful language models open to public use as it is capable of reasoning similarly to humans. Initial assessments of GPT-3 suggest that it may also possess some degree of consciousness. Among other things, this could be attributed to its ability to generate human-like responses to queries, which suggests that these are based on at least basic level of understanding. To further explore this, in the current study both objective and self-assessment tests of cognitive (CI) and emotional intelligence (EI) were administered to GPT-3. Results reveal that GPT-3 was superior to average humans on CI tests that mainly require use and demonstration of acquired knowledge. On the other hand, its logical reasoning and emotional intelligence capacities are equal to those of an average human examinee. Additionally, GPT-3’s self-assessments of CI and EI were similar to the those typically found in humans, which could be understood as a demonstration of subjectivity and self-awareness–consciousness. Further discussion was conducted to put these findings into a wider context. Being that this study was performed only on one of the models from the GPT-3 family, a more thorough investigation would require inclusion of multiple NLP models.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, GPT-3, consciousness, cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence

Suggested Citation

Bojić, Ljubiša and Stojković, Irena and Jolić Marjanović, Zorana, Signs of Consciousness in Ai: Can Gpt-3 Tell How Smart it Really is?. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4399438 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4399438

Ljubiša Bojić (Contact Author)

University of Belgrade, Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory ( email )

45 Kraljice Natalije, Belgrade, Serbia
Belgrade
Serbia

Irena Stojković

University of Belgrade, Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation ( email )

Visokog Stevana 2
Belgrade, 11000
Serbia

Zorana Jolić Marjanović

University of Belgrade - Faculty of Philosophy ( email )

18-20 Čika Ljubina Street
Faculty of Philosophy Old Building
Belgrade, 11000
Serbia

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