The Framework of Parametric and Non-Parametric Operational Data Analytics (ODA)
46 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2023 Last revised: 23 Jun 2023
Date Written: March 20, 2023
This paper introduces the general philosophy of the Operational Data Analytics (ODA) framework for data-based decision modeling. The fundamental development of this framework lies in establishing the direct mapping from data to decision by identifying the appropriate class of operational statistics. The efficient decision making relies on a careful balance between data integration and decision validation. Through a canonical decision-making problem under uncertainty, we show that the existing approaches (including statistical estimation and then optimization, retrospective optimization, sample average approximation, regularization, robust optimization, and robust satisficing) can all be unified through the lens of the ODA formulation. To make the key concepts accessible, we demonstrate, using a simple running example, how some of the existing approaches may become equivalent under the ODA framework, and how the ODA solution can improve the decision efficiency, especially in the small sample regime.
Keywords: Operational Data Analytics, Operational Statistics, Data-Integrated Decision, Small Samples
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