The Affordances and Contradictions of AI-Generated Text for Writers of English as a Second or Foreign Language

Journal of Second Language Writing, 62, December 2023, 101071. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jslw.2023.101071

24 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2023 Last revised: 13 Nov 2023

See all articles by Mark Warschauer

Mark Warschauer

University of California, Irvine

Waverly Tseng

University of California, Irvine

Soobin Yim

Korea University

Thomas Webster

Ewha Womans University

Sharin Jacob

University of California, Irvine

Qian Du

University of California, Irvine

Tamara Tate

University of California, Irvine

Date Written: October 31, 2023

Abstract

The public release of ChatGPT has provoked much debate as to the potential consequences of artificial intelligence (AI) for writing education. For second language educators and researchers in particular, AI-generated writing poses a major concern for student learning. However, it is also important to recognize the powerful affordances of ChatGPT for second language writers in their studies and careers. We argue that the value of ChatGPT and similar AI-based writing tools for second language learners must be understood through three contradictions: the “imitation” contradiction, the “rich get richer” contradiction, and the “with or without” contradiction. To most effectively address these contradictions, we propose a five-part pedagogical framework focusing on understanding, accessing, prompting, corroborating, and incorporating AI in the writing process. By facilitating conversations about how to use AI in the classroom, we can better support second language learners’ writing development and prepare these students for a world that increasingly values one’s ability to understand and use AI.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, generative AI, second language, foreign language, writing instruction

Suggested Citation

Warschauer, Mark and Tseng, Waverly and Yim, Soobin and Webster, Thomas and Jacob, Sharin and Du, Qian and Tate, Tamara, The Affordances and Contradictions of AI-Generated Text for Writers of English as a Second or Foreign Language (October 31, 2023). Journal of Second Language Writing, 62, December 2023, 101071. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jslw.2023.101071, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4404380 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4404380

Mark Warschauer (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine ( email )

School of Education
3200 Education
Irvine, CA 92697-5500
United States
949 824-2526 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://MarkWarschauer.com

Waverly Tseng

University of California, Irvine ( email )

P.O. Box 19556
Science Library Serials
Irvine, CA California 62697-3125
United States

Soobin Yim

Korea University

Thomas Webster

Ewha Womans University ( email )

11-1 Daehyun-dong
Seodaemun-gu
Seoul 120-750, Seoul Seoul 120

Sharin Jacob

University of California, Irvine ( email )

3200 Education
Irvine, CA 92697-5500
United States

Qian Du

University of California, Irvine ( email )

P.O. Box 19556
Science Library Serials
Irvine, CA California 62697-3125
United States

Tamara Tate

University of California, Irvine ( email )

3200 Education
Irvine, CA 92697-5500
United States

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