Why a ‘Closed-Pipe Supply Chain’ Cannot Stop Violence in the DRC

20 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2023

See all articles by Kazuyo Hanai

Kazuyo Hanai

University of Tokyo

Koji Oishi

Aoyama Gakuin University

Maki Kozakai

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Date Written: April 1, 2023

Abstract

The approach to conflict resolution aimed at regulating the mineral trade has proved successful in Angolan and Sierra Leonean conflicts. However, despite the conflict minerals regulation and survey on the global supply chain, issue in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has not been solved. This study compares the conflict diamond issues in Angola and Sierra Leone and the conflict minerals issue in the DRC and shows 1) mineral characteristics, 2) mineral distribution system, 3) armed actors who profit from conflict minerals, and 4) international policy on conflict minerals are the determinants of the success of conflict minerals regulations. We illustrate why a closed pipeline for conflict-free minerals cannot be constructed in the DRC and the importance of setting up customized problem-solving measures with a full understanding of the characteristics of each case, while drawing lessons from past cases.

Keywords: Conflict Minerals, Democratic Republic of the Congo

JEL Classification: Q27

Suggested Citation

Hanai, Kazuyo and Oishi, Koji and Kozakai, Maki, Why a ‘Closed-Pipe Supply Chain’ Cannot Stop Violence in the DRC (April 1, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4406621 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4406621

Kazuyo Hanai (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo ( email )

7-3-1 Hongo
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, 113-0033
Japan

Koji Oishi

Aoyama Gakuin University ( email )

4-4-25 Shibuya, Shibuya-ku
Tokyo, 150-8366
Japan

Maki Kozakai

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) ( email )

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