Prevalence and Risk Factors for Nonconsensual Distribution of Intimate Images Among Italian Young Adults: Implications for Prevention and Intervention

31 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2023

See all articles by Antonella Brighi

Antonella Brighi

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Alberto Amadori

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Kolis Summerer

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Damiano Menin

University of Ferrara

Abstract

Nonconsensual distribution of intimate images (NCII), also known as revenge porn, has become a significant social issue in recent years, with severe consequences for victims. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and predictors of NCII victimization among young Italian adults, focusing on the role of sexting, intimate partner violence (IPV), impulsivity, and self-disclosure. An online survey was conducted among a sample of 2047 Italian young adults (F=29.3%, M=53.4%, Not Indicated=16.9%; mean age = 24.4, SD = 4.4) using a convenience sample recruited through internet. The survey included questions on NCII victimization, sexting behavior, sextortion, and IPV. Multiple regression analyses were used to explore the predictors of NCII victimization. The findings showed that 33.9% of respondents reported engaging in sexting behavior, with females being three times more likely to engage in sexting than males. Furthermore, 3.3% of participants reported being victims of NCII, with over one-third of victims experiencing three or more types of NCII victimization. Multiple regression analysis revealed that sexting and IPV were significant predictors of NCII victimization, and the interaction effect between self-disclosure and impulsivity was also a significant predictor. This study contributes to the understanding of NCII in Italy and highlights the need for interventions and prevention strategies to address both NCII and IPV, given their strong continuity. The results also suggest that the relationship between self-disclosure, impulsivity, IPV, and NCII victimization is complex and requires further investigation, suggesting a scenario where the climate of violence may impair the victim's decision-making.

Keywords: Nonconsensual image distribution, Intimate partner violence, Impulsivity, Sexting, Decision-making

Suggested Citation

Brighi, Antonella and Amadori, Alberto and Summerer, Kolis and Menin, Damiano, Prevalence and Risk Factors for Nonconsensual Distribution of Intimate Images Among Italian Young Adults: Implications for Prevention and Intervention. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4412642 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4412642

Antonella Brighi

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano ( email )

Sernesiplatz 1
Bozen-Bolzano, 39100
Italy

Alberto Amadori (Contact Author)

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano ( email )

Sernesiplatz 1
Bozen-Bolzano, 39100
Italy

Kolis Summerer

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano ( email )

Sernesiplatz 1
Bozen-Bolzano, 39100
Italy

Damiano Menin

University of Ferrara ( email )

Via del Gregorio 13
Ferrara, 44100
Italy

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