Data Cooperatives as Catalysts for Collaboration, Data Sharing, and the (Trans)Formation of the Digital Commons

18 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2023

See all articles by Michael Max Bühler

Michael Max Bühler

Konstanz University of Applied Science

Igor Calzada

Cardiff University, WISERD (Wales Institute for Social and Economic Research and Data); Basque Government - Basque Foundation for Science (IKERBASQUE); Ikerbasque Foundation UPV/EHU; University of the Basque Country

Isabel Cane

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

Thorsten Jelinek

University of Cambridge

Astha Kapoor

Aapti Institute

Morshed Mannan

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS); The New School

Sameer Mehta

Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University

Marina Micheli

European Union - Joint Research Center

Vijay Mookerjee

University of Texas at Dallas - Naveen Jindal School of Management

Konrad Nübel

Technische Universität München (TUM)

Alex Pentland

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Trebor R Scholz

The New School

Divya Siddarth

Collective Intelligence Project

Julian Tait

Open Data Manchester

Bapu Vaitla

Data2X

Jianguo Zhu

The University of Sydney

Date Written: April 8, 2023

Abstract

Network effects, economies of scale, and lock-in-effects increasingly lead to a concentration of digital resources and capabilities, hindering the free and equitable development of digital entrepreneurship (SDG9), new skills, and jobs (SDG8), especially in small communities (SDG11) and their small and medium-sized enterprises (“SMEs”). To ensure the affordability and accessibility of technologies, promote digital entrepreneurship and community well-being (SDG3), and protect digital rights, we propose data cooperatives [1,2] as a vehicle for secure, trusted, and sovereign data exchange [3,4]. In post-pandemic times, community/SME-led cooperatives can play a vital role by ensuring that supply chains to support digital commons are uninterrupted, resilient, and decentralized [5]. Digital commons and data sovereignty provide communities with affordable and easy access to information and the ability to collectively negotiate data-related decisions. Moreover, cooperative commons (a) provide access to the infrastructure that underpins the modern economy, (b) preserve property rights, and (c) ensure that privatization and monopolization do not further erode self-determination, especially in a world increasingly mediated by AI. Thus, governance plays a significant role in accelerating communities’/SMEs’ digital transformation and addressing their challenges. Cooperatives thrive on digital governance and standards such as open trusted Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) that increase the efficiency, technological capabilities, and capacities of participants and, most importantly, integrate, enable, and accelerate the digital transformation of SMEs in the overall process. This policy paper presents and discusses several transformative use cases for cooperative data governance. The use cases demonstrate how platform/data-cooperatives, and their novel value creation can be leveraged to take digital commons and value chains to a new level of collaboration while addressing the most pressing community issues. The proposed framework for a digital federated and sovereign reference architecture will create a blueprint for sustainable development both in the Global South and North.

Keywords: data sovereignty, data cooperatives, digital rights, platform cooperatives, digital commons

Suggested Citation

Bühler, Michael Max and Calzada, I and Calzada, I and Cane, Isabel and Jelinek, Thorsten and Kapoor, Astha and Mannan, Morshed and Mehta, Sameer and Micheli, Marina and Mookerjee, Vijay and Nübel, Konrad and Pentland, Alex and Scholz, Trebor R and Siddarth, Divya and Tait, Julian and Vaitla, Bapu and Zhu, Jianguo, Data Cooperatives as Catalysts for Collaboration, Data Sharing, and the (Trans)Formation of the Digital Commons (April 8, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4413371 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4413371

Michael Max Bühler

Konstanz University of Applied Science ( email )

I Calzada (Contact Author)

Cardiff University, WISERD (Wales Institute for Social and Economic Research and Data) ( email )

SPARK
Maindy Road, Cathays Park
Cardiff, Wales CF24 4HQ
United Kingdom
07887661925 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://wiserd.ac.uk/about-us/people/igor-calzada

Basque Government - Basque Foundation for Science (IKERBASQUE) ( email )

Bilbao, 48011
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.igorcalzada.com/publications

Ikerbasque Foundation UPV/EHU ( email )

+34630752876 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.igorcalzada.com/publications

University of the Basque Country ( email )

Barrio Sarriena s/n
Leioa, Bizkaia 48940
Spain
+34630752876 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.igorcalzada.com/publications

Isabel Cane

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

Thorsten Jelinek

University of Cambridge ( email )

Astha Kapoor

Aapti Institute ( email )

2nd Floor, 1/36 Hanumanthappa Layout, 2nd Cross
Ulsoor Road
Bangalore, 560042
India
09999631712 (Phone)
560020 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.aapti.in/

Morshed Mannan

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

The New School ( email )

66 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10011
United States

Sameer Mehta

Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University ( email )

RSM Erasmus University
PO Box 1738
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Marina Micheli

European Union - Joint Research Center ( email )

Via Enrico Fermi 2749 Ispra VA
Ispra (VA), 21027
Italy

Vijay Mookerjee

University of Texas at Dallas - Naveen Jindal School of Management ( email )

P.O. Box 830688
Richardson, TX 75083-0688
United States

Konrad Nübel

Technische Universität München (TUM) ( email )

Alex Pentland

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Trebor R Scholz

The New School ( email )

66 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10011
United States

Divya Siddarth

Collective Intelligence Project ( email )

Julian Tait

Open Data Manchester ( email )

Bapu Vaitla

Data2X ( email )

Jianguo Zhu

The University of Sydney ( email )

University of Sydney
Sydney, 2006
Australia

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