Copyright for AI-generated Works: a Task for the Internal Market?

(2023) 48 European Law Review

Posted: 26 Apr 2023

Date Written: April 14, 2023


This article positions copyright law within the EU’s constitutional limits. It considers whether the EU legislative competences allow for the expansion of copyright protection to works generated through artificial intelligence (AI) systems where the human intervention is insufficient to trigger an intellectual property claim. The analysis demonstrates that the internal market goal, despite its flexibility and broad scope, does not justify opening EU copyright law to purely AI-generated works. The principles of better regulation, subsidiarity, and most importantly, proportionality should bar any such legislative proposal; or at least, curtail it appropriately. Extending copyright protection to cover purely AI-generated works bears costs of various nature for many stakeholders, which should be carefully balanced before any legislative expansion takes place.

Suggested Citation

Trapova, Alina, Copyright for AI-generated Works: a Task for the Internal Market? (April 14, 2023). (2023) 48 European Law Review, Available at SSRN:

Alina Trapova (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

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