New strategy, new accountability: The European Central Bank and the European Parliament after the strategy review
37 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2023
Date Written: April 17, 2023
A striking asymmetry defines the European Central Bank (ECB)’s approach to democratic accountability. Today’s ECB makes choices of a more complex and discretionary nature than originally envisaged for it by the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. At the same time, the central bank continues to hew closely to the Treaty’s scarce democratic accountability provisions. In this article, we document the dramatic changes to ECB decision-making by comparing the policy frameworks informing Governing Council deliberations according to the 1998, 2003 and 2021 strategies. We show that the transformation of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy has not been matched with enhanced accountability arrangements between the ECB and the European Parliament. The article concludes with ambitious, but concrete policy proposals – both in substance and form – for new ways of informing the public about monetary policy, instruments to improve accountability and coordinating monetary policy with other European policymakers.
Keywords: European Central Bank, European Parliament, monetary policy, accountability, interinstitutional agreement
JEL Classification: E42, E52, E58, K23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation