Mandatory Equity Issuances as a First-Best Solution to Punishing Corporate Misconduct
11 Pages Posted: 3 May 2023 Last revised: 6 Oct 2023
Date Written: April 21, 2023
Fines imposed for corporate misconduct may lead to insolvency. Prosecutors who are concerned with job losses following insolvency may reduce liability in order to limit collateral consequences. In this article I analyze firms' choices of financing and misconduct when prosecutors take collateral consequences into account when setting fines. I show that in equilibrium, firms will borrow excessively and engage in welfare-decreasing misconduct, and prosecutors will impose insufficient liability to deter corporations. I show that the first-best can be achieved by mandating the firms pay liability through equity issuances.
Keywords: Corporate Liability, Collateral Consequences, Law and Economics, Corporate Finance
JEL Classification: K13, K20, K42, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation