The Demography of Sweden's Transgender Population – Patterns, Changes, and Sociodemographics
40 Pages Posted: 4 May 2023 Last revised: 22 Aug 2023
Date Written: August 22, 2023
Our study examines the prevalence of gender transitions in Sweden over time and documents the sociodemographic characteristics of people transitioning in different periods. We use national administrative data covering the transgender population from 1973 to 2020 and analyze two common events in a gender transition: the earliest diagnosis of gender incongruence and the change of legal gender. We have three main findings. First, the measured prevalence of both types of events is relatively low in all periods, although it has increased substantially since the early 2010s. Second, the recent increase in transition prevalence is most pronounced among people in early adulthood; in particular, young transgender men drive an increase in overall transition rates through 2018, followed by moderate declines in 2019 and 2020. Third, transgender men and women have substantially lower socioeconomic outcomes than cisgender men and women, regardless of the age at which they transition or the historical period.
Keywords: transgender, demography, prevalence, gender nonconforming, gender incongruence, Sweden, administrative data
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