A Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Scorecard for Climate Adaptation
37 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2023
The increased attention on strengthening resilience through disaster risk governance in international humanitarian and local communities brings the need for further development of theoretical and empirical tools. This research describes a balance scorecard tool for assessing disaster risk reduction and resilience (DR3) with a focus on the risks of floods, droughts and heatwaves. It aims to support the integration and monitoring of climate adaptation, sustainability and risk reduction into development planning in different locations, prioritizing the most vulnerable communities, assets, and areas. Our balance scorecard design takes a nexus approach towards critically interlinked resources (water, energy, food, land and materials), cross-cutting global targets of DR3 (Climate Chage Adaptation, Sustainable Development Goals and Sendai Framework), vulnerability factors (hazard, exposure and capabilities) and environmental justice dimensions (distribution, participation, capabilities and recognition). We validate and test our approach through an engagement process with 71 stakeholders across four countries, including two islands and three coastal cities. We aim to empirically verify sectors and sources of equitable resilience across different phases of disaster risk management. Our stakeholder engagement process show actions in context of disasters tend to be way more responsive than preventive. We advance current research by including disaster management phases in the balance scorecard that provide more granularity to the pre-emergency phases through anticipation, assessment, prevention and preparedness.
Keywords: Indicators, Disaster Risk Reduction, Resilience, Stakeholders, Disaster Risk Management, Equity, Environmental Justice, Governance
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