Environmental Regulations as Trade Barriers for Developing Countries: Eco-Labelling and the Dutch Cut Flower Industry

CREED Working Paper No 2

Posted: 15 Nov 1996

See all articles by Harmen Verbruggen

Harmen Verbruggen

Vrije Universiteit

Onno Kuik

VU University Amsterdam - Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM)

Martijn Bennis

Vrije Universiteit

Date Written: July 1995

Abstract

The present expansion of environmental standards and regulations in industrialised countries can have significant impacts on the market access of developing countries. The fear in many developing countries is that stricter product standards in the markets of developed countries will act as trade barriers for their exports. Moreover, there is widespread suspicion that environmental restrictions are sometimes used as an indirect means of protecting northern industries. This paper briefly examines these issues, focusing on recent eco-labelling schemes for cut flowers in the Netherlands. The paper concludes that eco-labels may have a significant negative impact on the export opportunities of a number of developing countries.

JEL Classification: Q28, F13, 013

Suggested Citation

Verbruggen, Harmen and Kuik, Onno and Bennis, Martijn, Environmental Regulations as Trade Barriers for Developing Countries: Eco-Labelling and the Dutch Cut Flower Industry (July 1995). CREED Working Paper No 2. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4437

Harmen Verbruggen (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit ( email )

De Boelelaan 1115
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands
++33 21 444 9555 (Phone)
++33 21 444 9553 (Fax)

Onno Kuik

VU University Amsterdam - Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) ( email )

De Boelelaan 1085
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands
+31 20 5989513 (Phone)
+31 20 5989553 (Fax)

Martijn Bennis

Vrije Universiteit

De Boelelaan 1115
Amsterdam, 1081 HV
Netherlands

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
2,134
PlumX Metrics