Third Party Litigation Funding: Panacea or More Problems?

20 Pages Posted: 14 May 2023 Last revised: 30 Sep 2023

See all articles by Charles Silver

Charles Silver

University of Texas at Austin - School of Law

David A. Hyman

Georgetown University Law Center

Date Written: September 18, 2023


Third party litigation funding (“TPLF”) is controversial. To its detractors, TPLF creates serious ethical and national security risks, and results in defendants paying out large “blackmail settlements” based on marginal (if not wholly frivolous) claims. To its supporters, TPLF helps ensure access to justice by putting plaintiffs and their lawyers on a more equal footing with well-resourced defendants, and the willingness of sophisticated third parties to invest their own money is an unambiguous signal that a plaintiff’s case has merit.
Our paper makes three contributions: we begin by identifying the similarities in political economy of the campaign against TPLF to the campaigns waged in favor of tort reform. Second, we evaluate the substantive merits of certain arguments against TPLF, treating the rules of professional responsibility as instrumental, rather than ends in themselves. Finally, we explore the importance of agency costs in the market for TPLF. We conclude with some recommendations on how to regulate TPLF.

Keywords: Third Party Litigation Funding, TPLF, Litigation, Funding

JEL Classification: K13, K41

Suggested Citation

Silver, Charles M. and Hyman, David A., Third Party Litigation Funding: Panacea or More Problems? (September 18, 2023). U of Texas Law, Legal Studies Research Paper , Georgetown University Law Center Research Paper No. Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: or

Charles M. Silver

University of Texas at Austin - School of Law ( email )

727 East Dean Keeton Street
Austin, TX 78705
United States
512-232-1337 (Phone)
512-232-1372 (Fax)

David A. Hyman (Contact Author)

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

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