The Pre-Pandemic Political Economy Determinants of Lockdown Severity

25 Pages Posted: 17 May 2023

See all articles by Vincent Miozzi

Vincent Miozzi

Texas Tech University - Free Market Institute; Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics

Benjamin Powell

Texas Tech University - Free Market Institute; Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business

Date Written: May 1, 2023

Abstract

We investigate the determinants of the severity of U.S. state-level lockdown regulations adopted during the COVID-19 pandemic. We employ a new measure of Lockdown Regulatory Freedom from Miozzi and Powell (2023b) to investigate whether pre-pandemic measures of economic freedom, political variables, and measures of COVID-19 exposure and severity impacted the severity of subsequent lockdowns. Our main finding is that the severity of a state’s lockdown regulations were primarily determined by pre-pandemic levels of economic freedom and the political affiliation of a state’s governor.

Note:
Funding Information: Funds are provided by the Free Market Institute.

Conflict of Interests: No competing interests to declare.

Keywords: economic freedom, pandemic, COVID-19, lockdowns

JEL Classification: D70, I18, H10

Suggested Citation

Miozzi, Vincent and Powell, Benjamin, The Pre-Pandemic Political Economy Determinants of Lockdown Severity (May 1, 2023). Free Market Institute Research Paper No. 4444772, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4444772 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4444772

Vincent Miozzi

Texas Tech University - Free Market Institute ( email )

Box 45059
Lubbock, TX 79409-5059
United States

Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics ( email )

Suite 167, 2625 Memorial Circle
TTU Administration
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

Benjamin Powell (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University - Free Market Institute ( email )

Box 45059
Lubbock, TX 79409-5059
United States
806.742.7138 (Phone)
806.742.1854 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.fmi.ttu.edu

Texas Tech University - Rawls College of Business ( email )

Lubbock, TX 79409
United States
806.834.3097 (Phone)
806.742.1854 (Fax)

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