Monumental Effects: Confederate Monuments in the Post-Reconstruction South

64 Pages Posted: 23 May 2023 Last revised: 12 Dec 2023

See all articles by Alexander N. Taylor

Alexander N. Taylor

George Mason University - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 25, 2023

Abstract

This paper explores the contemporaneous socio-political effects of Confederate monuments in the Post- Reconstruction South. I combine monument, election, and census data to create an election-year panel dataset of former confederate counties between 1878–1912, then exploit the temporally staggered and geographically distributed dedication of monuments using a generalized difference-in-differences design. I find that monuments caused increases in Democratic party vote share, decreases in voter turnout, and decreases in black population share. I find varying effects based on monument characteristics and the racial makeup of a county. The results have implications for current debates over Confederate monuments in the United States.

Keywords: Confederate Monuments, Lost Cause, Voting, Discrimination

JEL Classification: J15, N41, D72

Suggested Citation

Taylor, Alexander N., Monumental Effects: Confederate Monuments in the Post-Reconstruction South (July 25, 2023). GMU Working Paper in Economics No. 23-44, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4451402 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4451402

Alexander N. Taylor (Contact Author)

George Mason University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

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