Industrial Decentralization in Brazil in the 1990'S: A Dynamic Regionally Distinct Process

Nova Economia, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2001

38 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2003

See all articles by João Saboia

João Saboia

UFRJ, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Abstract

The article discusses the trends in Brazilian industry in the 1990's. It shows some important changes that are going on the manufacturing sector, such as the loss of employment in the main industrial regions (Southeast) and the increasing number of jobs offered in the less developed ones (South, Center-West and some states of the Northeast). Apparently, the new enterprises are looking for lower wages and fiscal advantages, as well as the good infrastructure in the South of the country. It is proposed an indicator, which uses worker's wage and educational data, as well as the share of scientific and technical labor, so that the industry located in the different regions could be compared. As expected, the workers in the new industrial areas receive lower wages and have less years of education. These results may represent a change in Brazilian industrial localization pattern, so that the interior of the country could be benefited as the firms decide their future investments.

Note: The downloadable document is in Portuguese.

JEL Classification: R30, N66

Suggested Citation

Saboia, João, Industrial Decentralization in Brazil in the 1990'S: A Dynamic Regionally Distinct Process. Nova Economia, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2001, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=445283 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.445283

João Saboia (Contact Author)

UFRJ, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro ( email )

Av. Pasteur 250
Instituto de Economia
Rio de Janeiro 22290-240
Brazil
+55 21 537-4648 (Phone)

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