A Novel Method for Studying Policymaking: Policy Process Analysis (PPA) Applied to the Refugee Crisis

44 Pages Posted: 23 May 2023

See all articles by Abel Bojar

Abel Bojar

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Anna Kyriazi

University of Milan

Ioana-Elena Oana

European University Institute

Zbigniew Truchlewski

European University Institute

Date Written: May 23, 2023

Abstract

This paper introduces a comprehensive method for data collection and analysis, which systematically records and evaluates various features of policy debates across space, time, and issue areas within selected policy episodes. We apply this method to the refugee crisis, discussing advantages, challenges, and best practices. Policy Process Analysis (PPA) incorporates into a single framework the constitutive elements of such policy episodes – including actors’ positions and relations, activities taking place in different policymaking arenas and at different levels of governance, which allows for theoretical and empirical synthesis on a large scale. PPA lies at the cross-roads of the methodological approaches of two distinct research fields that have developed in relative isolation from each other: the study of contentious performances and the study of policy change. Drawing from these methods, it relies on hand-coded datasets collected via the mass media to construct indicators that characterise the substantive elements of policy debates, including the participants, their positions, their interactions, their issue-emphasis, and framing strategies. This holistic reconstruction enables the large-scale, comparative study of the policy process from multiple angles at different levels of analysis, both statically and over time.

Keywords: Policy Process Analysis; media data; actor coalitions; politicization; framing

Suggested Citation

Submitter, EUI-Robert Schuman and Bojar, Abel and Kyriazi, Anna and Oana, Ioana-Elena and Truchlewski, Zbigniew, A Novel Method for Studying Policymaking: Policy Process Analysis (PPA) Applied to the Refugee Crisis (May 23, 2023). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSC 24/2023, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4456925 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4456925

Abel Bojar

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Anna Kyriazi

University of Milan

Via Festa del Perdono
7
Milan, Lombardia 20122
Italy

Ioana-Elena Oana (Contact Author)

European University Institute

Zbigniew Truchlewski

European University Institute ( email )

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