The Economic History of French Canadians
Forthcoming in the Handbook of Cliometrics
35 Pages Posted: 25 May 2023
Date Written: May 25, 2023
This is a chapter entry (with more details and sources that had to be eliminated for formatting guidelines) for the Handbook of Cliometrics. It details research done in the last 40 years regarding the economic history of French-Canadians. The discussion of recent findings centers around the pattern of international income differences and their evolution over time.
Explanations of the poverty of French-Canadians that hinge on geography and culture appear to be empirically rejected. Institutional explanations such as intermittent warfare during the 17th and 18th centuries, the conquest of Quebec by the British in 1760, the role of seigneurial tenure and the role of the provincial jurisdiction over education in the 1867 British North America Act appear to form far stronger explanations. Seigneurial tenure and educational policies appear to be the most important of those.
Future research directions are then highlighted -- notably the creation and extension of new and existing datasets.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation