Climate Action from Abroad: Assessing Mass Support for Cross-Border Climate Compensation
43 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2023 Last revised: 19 Oct 2023
Date Written: June 6, 2023
Resource transfers from developed to developing countries to combat climate change are central to international climate policy efforts. Yet countries are grappling domestically with provisioning and accepting transfers. We ask what are the determinants of public support for cross-border climate transfers? We answer this question by laying out factors that might drive support for domestic audiences and providing evidence through paired survey experiments in the United States and India, critical climate donor and recipient countries. We show that several designs of climate finance can make international transfers more appealing. Policy control that prioritizes partnership opportunities between donor and recipient country agents and justice considerations that emphasize compensation for vulnerable communities markedly bolster approval. Voters also prioritize mitigation over adaptation spending and transfer schemes replicated in other nations. Incorporating political attributes in the design of transfers can therefore unlock, instead of undermine, public support for cross-border climate cooperation.
Keywords: Climate Finance, Climate Transfers, Loss and Damages, Mitigation, Adaptation, Public Opinion
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