Climate Action from Abroad: Assessing Mass Support for Cross-Border Climate Compensation

43 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2023 Last revised: 19 Oct 2023

See all articles by Nikhar Gaikwad

Nikhar Gaikwad

Columbia University - Department of Political Science

Federica Genovese

University of Essex

Dustin Tingley

Harvard University

Date Written: June 6, 2023

Abstract

Resource transfers from developed to developing countries to combat climate change are central to international climate policy efforts. Yet countries are grappling domestically with provisioning and accepting transfers. We ask what are the determinants of public support for cross-border climate transfers? We answer this question by laying out factors that might drive support for domestic audiences and providing evidence through paired survey experiments in the United States and India, critical climate donor and recipient countries. We show that several designs of climate finance can make international transfers more appealing. Policy control that prioritizes partnership opportunities between donor and recipient country agents and justice considerations that emphasize compensation for vulnerable communities markedly bolster approval. Voters also prioritize mitigation over adaptation spending and transfer schemes replicated in other nations. Incorporating political attributes in the design of transfers can therefore unlock, instead of undermine, public support for cross-border climate cooperation.

Keywords: Climate Finance, Climate Transfers, Loss and Damages, Mitigation, Adaptation, Public Opinion

Suggested Citation

Gaikwad, Nikhar and Genovese, Federica and Tingley, Dustin, Climate Action from Abroad: Assessing Mass Support for Cross-Border Climate Compensation (June 6, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4470596 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4470596

Nikhar Gaikwad (Contact Author)

Columbia University - Department of Political Science ( email )

7th Floor, International Affairs Bldg.
420 W. 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

Federica Genovese

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Dustin Tingley

Harvard University

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