Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on University New Entry, Enrollment, and Graduation on STEM and Non-STEM Majors in Mexico

55 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2023

See all articles by Daniel Prudencio

Daniel Prudencio

Tecnológico de Monterrey

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey

Fernanda Sobrino

Tecnológico de Monterrey

Date Written: May 30, 2023

Abstract

Using administrative data on all higher education institutions in Mexico, we estimate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on new entry, enrollment, and, graduation outcome. The analysis is conducted by area of study and gender. We explore heterogeneous effects by delivery format, funding source, and elite university status. Finally, we estimate the effect of the pandemic on the gender gap in STEM and non-STEM related majors. Overall, we find that the pandemic’s largest effect was on delaying graduation, followed by new entry. The impact on enrollment was small. Public universities were hit the hardest. With the exception of graduation, asynchronous programs did not experience lower impacts. On the other hand, elite universities benefited from the pandemic. Regarding the gender gap in STEM majors, the pandemic reduced the gap on new entry and enrollment outcomes by 24.3% and 7.3%, respectively.

Keywords: COVID-19, enrollment, graduation outcomes, STEM, gender gap

JEL Classification: I21, I23, I25, O15

Suggested Citation

Prudencio, Daniel and Balmori de la Miyar, Jose Roberto and Silverio-Murillo, Adan and Sobrino, Fernanda, Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on University New Entry, Enrollment, and Graduation on STEM and Non-STEM Majors in Mexico (May 30, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4473934 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4473934

Daniel Prudencio

Tecnológico de Monterrey ( email )

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar (Contact Author)

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School ( email )

Av de las Torres 131
Olivar de los Padres
Mexico City, Mexico City 01780
Mexico

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey ( email )

Calle del Puente 222
Mexico City, 04210
Mexico

Fernanda Sobrino

Tecnológico de Monterrey ( email )

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