What You Eat Is What You Are: Risk Attitudes, Time Preferences, and Diet Quality

94 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2023 Last revised: 16 May 2024

See all articles by Antoine Nebout

Antoine Nebout

University Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, Paris-Saclay Applied Economics

Noemi Berlin

Université Paris X Nanterre; CNRS - EconomiX UMR7235

Emmanuel Kemel

HEC Paris - Economics & Decision Sciences

Emmanuel Paroissien

University Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, Paris-Saclay Applied Economics

Date Written: June 9, 2023

Abstract

This paper explores the relationships between overall diet quality and attitudes toward risk and time using a general population survey. Our survey combines (i) a state-of-the-art food frequency questionnaire with (ii) a choice-based preference module to elicit individual risk and time preferences. The survey was administered to a representative sample of the French population. Using a Hierarchical Bayes framework, we jointly estimate individual risk aversion and impatience parameters. We show that risk and time preferences significantly explain individual heterogeneity in key aspects of diet quality, even after controlling for socio-demographic characteristics. We find that more impatient and more risk-seeking individuals have poorer overall diet quality, more impatient individuals have higher daily energy intake, and more risk-seeking individuals consume more alcohol.

Keywords: health behavior, food consumption, risk preferences, time preferences

JEL Classification: D91, I12, C11

Suggested Citation

Nebout, Antoine and Berlin, Noemi and Kemel, Emmanuel and Paroissien, Emmanuel, What You Eat Is What You Are: Risk Attitudes, Time Preferences, and Diet Quality (June 9, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4474126 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4474126

Antoine Nebout

University Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, Paris-Saclay Applied Economics ( email )

22 place de l'Agronomie
Palaiseau, 91123

Noemi Berlin

Université Paris X Nanterre ( email )

92, av. de la République, Nanterre
Paris, Nanterre Cedex 92001
France

CNRS - EconomiX UMR7235 ( email )

France

Emmanuel Kemel

HEC Paris - Economics & Decision Sciences

1 rue de la libération
Jouy-en-Josas, 78350
France

Emmanuel Paroissien (Contact Author)

University Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, Paris-Saclay Applied Economics ( email )

65 Boulevard Brandenburg
Ivry-sur-Seine Cedex, 94205
France

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/emmanuel-paroissien-economics/home

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