Some Empirical Aspects of Multi-Sided Platform Industries

Review of Network Economics (RNE), Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2003

19 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2003

See all articles by David S. Evans

David S. Evans

University College London; Global Economics Group


Multi-sided platform markets have two or more different groups of customers that businesses have to get and keep on board to succeed. These industries range from dating clubs (men and women), to video game consoles (game developers and users), to payment cards (cardholders and merchants), to operating system software (application developers and users). They include some of the most important industries in the economy. A survey of businesses in these industries shows that multi-sided platform businesses devise entry strategies to get multiple sides of the market on board and devise pricing, product, and other competitive strategies to keep multiple customer groups on a common platform that internalizes externalities across members of these groups.

JEL Classification: D4, K0, L1

Suggested Citation

Evans, David S. and Evans, David S., Some Empirical Aspects of Multi-Sided Platform Industries. Review of Network Economics (RNE), Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2003, Available at SSRN: or

David S. Evans (Contact Author)

Global Economics Group ( email )

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Boston, MA 02108
United States

University College London ( email )

Gower St
London WC1E OEG, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

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