Impact of Intense Laser Bessel Beam on Excitonic Complexes in Ellipsoidal Quantum Dot
26 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2023
This theoretical study investigates the response of a strongly oblate GaAs ellipsoidal quantum dot to an intense laser field with a Bessel intensity profile at non-resonant extreme violet and simultaneously resonant mid-infrared laser irradiation. Mainly, the linear and nonlinear optical properties of biexcitons in quantum dot are observed. Due to the complexity of the considered particle, all calculations are performed in the framework of the variational method. Biexciton variational function is constructed on the one-particle wave functions, which are correlated with each other by exponents with variational parameters. The biexciton energies for different values of applied intense laser field magnitude on the small geometrical parameter of ellipsoidal quantum dot are calculated. The nonlinear optical properties, including the oscillator strength, third-order nonlinear susceptibility, absorption coefficient, and refractive index change, are evaluated. Numerical results reveal the dependence of the exciton and biexciton energies on the intensity of the laser field and the geometrical parameters of the quantum dot. Additionally, the dependencies of the third-order susceptibility, absorption coefficient, and induced refractive index change on photon energy near the one-photon resonance and two-photon resonance are analyzed. The two-photon absorption coefficient of the biexciton in GaAs ellipsoidal quantum dot is computed, and the spectra of refractive index changes induced by biexciton transitions between ground states are analyzed for different magnitudes of the intense laser field. Biexciton recombination radiative lifetime on the small semiaxis of the ellipsoidal quantum dot for the different values of the laser field influence is estimated. Finally, the visualization of the localization region of biexciton in the ellipsoidal quantum dot is performed. The obtained results provide insights into the behavior of strongly oblate ellipsoidal quantum dots under intense laser fields, offering potential applications in nonlinear optics and quantum information processing.
Keywords: biexciton, ellipsoidal quantum dot, intense laser field, nonlinear susceptibility, two-photon absorption, Bessel beam
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