On Designing a Fire Emergency Vehicle Fleet

37 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2023 Last revised: 6 Jul 2023

See all articles by Yossi Luzon

Yossi Luzon

Afeka - Tel-Aviv academic college of engineering

Opher Baron

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

Vedat Verter

Queen's University

Oded Berman

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

Date Written: July 2, 2023

Abstract

Problem definition: The configuration of an emergency vehicle fleet (EVF) is critical to ensure that responders have the resources necessary to serve emergencies quickly and help prevent loss of life and property damage. Determining the fleet’s optimal design involves decisions regarding the fleet size, the spatial distribution of the stations as well as the extent of collaboration among them. We study the optimal design of a fire service fleet, which is characterized by the low utilization of the vehicles. The primary trade-off is between the cost of having too many vehicles in the fleet and the cost incurred by not serving a fire in a timely manner. Methodology and results: EVFs are highly expensive systems for the public sector. We introduce a novel queueing model approach tailored to the EVF as a light-traffic demand system. Our model incorporates the necessary performance measures i.e., the response times and the fleet capacity, in determining the optimal fleet configuration. We validate the model and demonstrate its adaptability via an application to the Toronto Fire Services. Managerial implications: Adopting our proposed model can assist managers in making informed strategic decisions regarding effective design of the EVF. The methodology can be used in the process of determining the most efficient investment into fire services in a large metropolitan region.

Keywords: Fire services, vehicle fleet design, queuing models

Suggested Citation

Luzon, Yossi and Baron, Opher and Verter, Vedat and Berman, Oded, On Designing a Fire Emergency Vehicle Fleet (July 2, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4497843 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4497843

Yossi Luzon (Contact Author)

Afeka - Tel-Aviv academic college of engineering ( email )

מבצע קדש Mivtsa Kadesh St 38,
Tel Aviv-Yafo, 6910717
Tel Aviv-Yafo, Tel-Aviv 6910717
Israel

Opher Baron

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management ( email )

Vedat Verter

Queen's University ( email )

143 Union St.
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

Oded Berman

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management ( email )

105 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S1S4
Canada

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