OSS and FRAND Encumbered Knowledge Production

39 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2023 Last revised: 13 Jul 2023

See all articles by Gregor Langus

Gregor Langus

Cornerstone Research

Vilen Lipatov

Cornerstone Research; CESifo

Date Written: June 25, 2023


To inform the debate on compatibility, complementarity, and efficiency of FRAND and OSS licensing, we analyze OSS project diversity and 3GPP cellular standardization process. We find significant differences in governance between OSS projects with corporate involvement and 3GPP standardization, but no incompatibility of FRAND and OSS licensing. We also find that, due to significant differences in standard development in mobile communications and software development, FRAND-based licensing could not be effectively replaced by an OSS-like incentive mechanism in the context of cellular standardization.

Keywords: open source software, SEP, FRAND licensing, standard setting, mobile communications

JEL Classification: K11, L15, L17, L24

Suggested Citation

Langus, Gregor and Lipatov, Vilen, OSS and FRAND Encumbered Knowledge Production (June 25, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4500006 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4500006

Gregor Langus

Cornerstone Research ( email )

1919 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Suite 600
Washington D.C., 20006-3420
United States

Vilen Lipatov (Contact Author)

Cornerstone Research ( email )

1000 El Camino Real
Menlo Park, CA 94025-4327
United States

CESifo ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679

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