Hydrothermal Performance of Novel Vortex Generators in a Rectangular Channel by Employing Inclination and Rotational Angles
39 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2023
Vortex generators are passive methods of heat transfer enhancement in any thermal system. However, more research is needed to compare the effects of vortex generators having unique shapes on the flow distribution for high heat transmission. Also, a research gap exists in analyzing how different angular orientations of the vortex generator (VG) affect thermohydraulic performance. Therefore, this CFD study aims to propose a total of five novel vortex generator shapes, analysing and comparing the heat transfer and pressure drop properties in a rectangular channel by varying Reynolds number, Re=4000-11000. Among the five designs, VG-1 gives the most optimal hydrothermal performance, incrementing Nusselt number and friction factor of about 24.52% and 42.83%, respectively. Combining these two parameters, we get the maximum thermal performance factor, TPF, for VG-1, whereas VG-2 performs the least in terms of TPF. Considering the effect of different angular orientations, VG-1 was further studied by applying five vertical inclination and four horizontal rotation angle configurations to investigate the impact of inclination and rotational angles. Minimizing the pressure drop penalty, the 30˚ inclination design had the best hydrothermal performance overall, with the highest TPF range of 1.15-1.37, whereas 120˚ variants had the lowest TPF, at 1.05-1.28. Also, for the horizontal rotations, 30˚ angle gives the best result, having a slight edge over 150˚case with 1.12-1.37 TPF. Finally, the best cases from vertical inclination and horizontal rotation are combined in a new hybrid configuration, which yielded the maximum TPF of 1.19–1.42, indicating that this configuration is the most effective among all the cases.
Keywords: CFD, Vortex Generators, Heat transfer, Inclination angle, Nusselt number, Thermal Performance Factor
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