Discretionary Decisions in Capital Requirements under Solvency II
ICIR Working Paper Series No. 50
45 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2023
Date Written: July 2023
European insurers are allowed to make discretionary decisions in the calculation of Solvency II capital requirements. These choices include the design of risk models (ranging from a standard formula to a full internal model) and the use of long-term guarantees measures. This article examines the impact and the drivers of discretionary decisions with respect to capital requirements for market risks. In a first step of our analysis, we assess the risk profiles of 49 stock insurers using daily market data. In a second step, we exploit hand-collected Solvency II data for the years 2016 to 2020. We find that long-term guarantees measures substantially influence the reported solvency ratios. The measures are chosen particularly by less solvent insurers and firms with high interest rate and credit spread sensitivities. Internal models are used more frequently by large insurers and especially for risks for which the firms have already found adequate immunization strategies.
Keywords: Solvency II, capital requirements, discretionary decisions
JEL Classification: G22, G28, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation