The Impacts of COVID-19 Restrictions on Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY): Heterogeneous Effects and Post-Pandemic Recovery

13 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2023 Last revised: 9 Aug 2023

See all articles by Raimundo Atal Chomali

Raimundo Atal Chomali

New York University (NYU)

Paula Bedregal

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Jose Carrasco

Escuela de Negocios, Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Felipe González

Queen Mary University of London

Rodrigo Harrison

Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez.

Cecilia Vizcaya

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Date Written: July 23, 2023

Abstract

Objectives: Estimate the effects of non-pharmacological interventions used to prevent the spread of COVID-19 on the quality of life, measured by Quality Adjusted Life Years
(QALYs).

Methods: A survey on 1,506 heads of households from Chile in May of 2022. Respondents were asked basic socioeconomic questions and a version of the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire that was used to calculate the evolution of HRQoLs. Comparisons of means in HRQoLs measures before the pandemic, at the peak of restrictions, and at the moment of the survey were performed.

Results: The average HRQoL of the population before the pandemic was similar to other countries in the region (0.96). At the peak of restrictions (June 2020–August 2021), the average HRQoL decreased to 0.87 (-9%). At the time of survey (May 2022), the average HQRoL was 0.91 (4%). Assuming the recovery trend continued, pre-pandemic HRQoLs would be reached by January 2024. Altogether, the pandemic would have reduced QALYs by 0.2 in average.The effect is larger and the recovery slower among women. Our estimates imply that the restrictions to manage the pandemic came at a cost of 2.4 months of life years for the average (surviving) person, 1.8 months for men and 3.4 for women.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that COVID-19 had worse effects on life quality than previously thought. These effects are more significant among women than among men. Efforts to improve life quality and speed up its recovery could have large positive consequences for the population.

Note:

Funding Information: funding contribution from C´amara de la Innovaci´on Farmac´eutica de Chile (CIF).

Conflict of Interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Keywords: covid-19, pandemic,QALY,life quality,economic evaluation

Suggested Citation

Atal Chomali, Raimundo and Bedregal, Paula and Carrasco, Jose and González, Felipe and Harrison, Rodrigo and Vizcaya, Cecilia, The Impacts of COVID-19 Restrictions on Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY): Heterogeneous Effects and Post-Pandemic Recovery (July 23, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4519094 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4519094

Raimundo Atal Chomali

New York University (NYU) ( email )

Bobst Library, E-resource Acquisitions
20 Cooper Square 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10003-711
United States

Paula Bedregal

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile ( email )

Av Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins 340
Santiago, Región Metropolitana 8331150
Chile

Jose Carrasco (Contact Author)

Escuela de Negocios, Universidad Adolfo Ibañez ( email )

2640, Peñalolen
Santiago
Chile

HOME PAGE: http://www.tonocarrasco.com

Felipe González

Queen Mary University of London ( email )

Mile End Road
London, London E1 4NS
United Kingdom

Rodrigo Harrison

Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez. ( email )

Cecilia Vizcaya

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Avda. Vicuña Mackenna 4860
Macul, 780436
Chile

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