AI and Jewish Law: Seeing How ChatGPT 4.0 Looks at a Novel Issue

38 Dine Israel (2025) (forthcoming) (a publication of Buchman Law School, Tel Aviv University, and Cardozo Law School, Yeshiva University)

CSLR Research Paper No. 12.2023-AFF

17 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2023 Last revised: 12 Jan 2024

Date Written: July 20, 2023

Abstract

In an article forthcoming, I analyze whether a man who is in a same sex relationship may engage in the priestly blessing as a matter of Jewish Law and the article concludes that such is permitted in Jewish Law. This is a novel question of Jewish Law, with virtually no prior works written that directly discuss this point. Furthermore, nothing that has been published can be found on the internet, as far as I can determine. I was interested in seeing how ChatGPT 4.0 thought about this issue after seeing the sources I saw. So, I uploaded all the text in this article one-by-one and asked ChatGPT 4.0 to translate them as an expert for a Jewish law audience. It did a very good – but not perfect – job. I then asked ChatGPT 4.0 “Now that you have seen all these texts, do you think a man who is a priest and in a same sex marriage can perform the priestly blessing as a matter of halacha. Write me about 500 words.” There is virtually no discussion of the issue of a same sex married kohen engaging in the priestly blessing in either Hebrew or English on the internet and none of the sources I uploaded discuss this issue. ChatGPT had to derive and reason this from the sources I uploaded (and which it knew from other sources) about what was the Jewish law in this case. It could not simply “google” to find out what others have said, as this is a matter of first impression. Indeed, what is needed to answer this question is nuanced reading of sources about the various categories present and the classification of sins into proper groupings, as well as other ideas, as my article shares. I was quite surprised how excellent a job ChatGPT did. Furthermore, when I asked it in the end to state a contrary view, it highlighted the correct issue and focused on it. This article – after sharing ChatGPT 4.0 various answers to questions I posed from the sources I shared – ends with a complex discussion of whether Jewish law and American law will be subject to AI analysis and in what way is Jewish Law different from American Law. An adapted version of this article can be found on canopyforum.org under the same title.

Keywords: Jewish Law, AI, ChatGPT 4.0, duchaning, Priestly Blessings

JEL Classification: Z12, O33

Suggested Citation

Broyde, Michael J., AI and Jewish Law: Seeing How ChatGPT 4.0 Looks at a Novel Issue (July 20, 2023). 38 Dine Israel (2025) (forthcoming) (a publication of Buchman Law School, Tel Aviv University, and Cardozo Law School, Yeshiva University), CSLR Research Paper No. 12.2023-AFF, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4520100

Michael J. Broyde (Contact Author)

Emory University School of Law ( email )

1301 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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