포용적 무역을 위한 국내보완대책의 성과와 시사점 (The Effects of South Korea’s Domestic Supplementary Measures for Trade Adjustment and Their Implications)

209 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2023

See all articles by Kyong Hyun Koo

Kyong Hyun Koo

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Chankwon Bae

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Hyeri Park

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Kirak Ryu

Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training

Date Written: December 30, 2022

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 우리나라는 2000년대 이후 FTA 정책의 확대, 중국ㆍ베트남 중심의 무역구조 개편과 같은 무역충격(trade shocks)을 겪으면서 산업 및 고용 구조가 상당히 변화하였다. 이와 같은 변화는 동 기간에 우리나라가 상대적으로 높은 경제성장률을 달성할 수 있는 근간을 제공했지만 동시에 근로자 간 소득 및 고용안정성의 격차를 벌리는 요인으로도 작용하였다.1) 대외 무역충격으로 인한 조정 과정에서 상대적 피해를 입은 국내 기업과 근로자를 효과적으로 보호하고 지원하는 것은 무역의 순이익을 극대화하기 위한 필수적인 조치이다. 이는 특히 대외의존도가 높은 우리나라로서는 가장 우선순위에 두어야 할 정책 목표 중 하나라고 할 수 있다. 이러한 정책 목표를 달성하기 위한 국내보완대책으로서 우리나라는 ‘무역조정지원제도’와 ‘고용보험제도’를 주로 활용해 왔다. 그러나 이 두 가지 제도가 지향하는 정책 목표의 중요성에도 불구하고 각각의 무역조정지원 성과에 대한 분석은 아직까지 많이 이루어지지 않았다. 이에 본 연구는 FTA 정책의 확대나 중국ㆍ베트남 중심의 무역구조 재편 등과 같은 무역충격으로 인해 상대적으로 피해를 입은 국내 기업과 근로자에게 무역조정지원제도나 고용보험제도 등 기존의 국내보완대책이 얼마나 효과적으로 작동했는지 실증적으로 분석하였다. 또한 주요국의 유사한 제도를 비교 분석하여 국내 무역피해 보완대책에 대한 개선 방안을 도출하였다.

English Abstract: Since the 2000s, South Korea has experienced significant changes in its industrial and employment structures as a result of trade shocks, including the expansion of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) policies and the restructuring of trade structures centered on China and Vietnam. Although these changes have contributed to South Korea’s relatively high economic growth rates, they have also widened the income and employment stability gap between workers (Koo and Kim 2020; Koo et al. 2021). In light of the profound impact of trade shocks on the economy, effective protection and support for firms and workers who have suffered relative losses in the adjustment process is considered an essential measure to maximize the net benefit of trade. Such a measure represents a crucial policy goal that requires prioritization in South Korea, given the country’s heavy reliance on international trade. To achieve this policy goal, South Korea has primarily implemented the Act on Trade Adjustment Assistance and the Employment Insurance
Act as domestic supplementary measures. However, despite the significance of the policy objectives pursued by these two acts, the analysis of their trade adjustment support performance remains inadequate. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effects of existing domestic supplementary measures, such as the trade adjustment assistance programs and the employment insurance programs, for domestic firms and workers affected by trade shocks. In addition, we also examine similar programs in the United States and European Union as benchmarks. Based on the results of the regression analyses and case studies, we discuss how to improve the Korean domestic supplementary measures for trade adjustment.

Keywords: Korea, Act on Trade Adjustment Assistance, Employment Insurance Act

Suggested Citation

Koo, Kyong Hyun and Bae, Chankwon and Park, Hyeri and Ryu, Kirak, 포용적 무역을 위한 국내보완대책의 성과와 시사점 (The Effects of South Korea’s Domestic Supplementary Measures for Trade Adjustment and Their Implications) (December 30, 2022). KIEP Research Paper, 연구보고서(PA) 22-15, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4520395 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4520395

Kyong Hyun Koo (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Chankwon Bae

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Hyeri Park

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Kirak Ryu

Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training ( email )

15-1, Chongdam2-dong
Gangnam-gu
Seoul, 135-949
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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