주요국의 대남아시아 경제협력 전략과 정책 시사점: 중국, 일본, 인도를 중심으로 (Economic Cooperation Strategies Towards South Asia and Their Implications for Korea: Focusing on China, Japan, and India)

327 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2023

See all articles by Jeong-Gon Kim

Jeong-Gon Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Hyoungmin Han

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Yoon Jae Ro

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Doyeon Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Jonghun Pek

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Minhee Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Yoojin Nam

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Date Written: December 30, 2022

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 인도태평양 지역의 전략적 중요성이 부각되는 가운데 중국, 일본, 인도 등 주요 국가들은 남아시아 국가와의 긴밀한 경제협력 관계를 모색하고 있다. 우리나라 역시 「자유, 평화, 번영의 인도-태평양 전략」을 수립하여 인도는 물론 남아시아 지역 전반에 대한 협력의 틀을 마련하였다. 본 연구는 상기 주요국의 남아시아 국가들(파키스탄, 방글라데시, 스리랑카)에 대한 전략적 시각과 협력정책을 중점적으로 분석하고(제3~5장), 남아시아 3개국의 경제구조와 대외경제
정책, 그리고 한국의 협력 성과(제2장)를 고려하여 우리나라의 향후 대남아시아 경제협력 전략과 정책을 모색했다. 우리나라의 대남아시아 국가 경제협력은 ODA가 중심을 이루며, 무역ㆍ투자는 일부 제조업을 중심으로 이루어졌으나 최근 위축되는 추세를 보인다. 남아시아에서 주요국 간의 경쟁 관계가 본격화하는 가운데, 전략적 관점에서 대남아시아 경제협력의 방향을 새롭게 수립하고 정책을 추진할 필요가 있다.

English Abstract: With the Indo-Pacific region increasingly gaining recognition for its strategic importance, major countries such as China, Japan, and India are seeking close economic cooperation with South Asian countries. This study focuses on the strategic perspectives and cooperation policies of the major countries in South Asia (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka) under
the rapidly changing international political and economic environment, and explores Korea’s future economic cooperation strategies and policies in light of progress in the area of cooperation. Korea’s economic cooperation with South Asian countries is centered on ODA, and trade and investment have been centered on some manufacturing industries, but have recently shown a shrinking trend. While competition between major countries is in full swing in South Asia, it is necessary to establish a new direction for economic cooperation and promote policies in South Asia under a strategic perspective.

Keywords: Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Economic Cooperatio, ODA

Suggested Citation

Kim, Jeong-Gon and Han, Hyoungmin and Ro, Yoon Jae and Kim, Doyeon and Pek, Jonghun and Kim, Minhee and Nam, Yoojin, 주요국의 대남아시아 경제협력 전략과 정책 시사점: 중국, 일본, 인도를 중심으로 (Economic Cooperation Strategies Towards South Asia and Their Implications for Korea: Focusing on China, Japan, and India) (December 30, 2022). KIEP Research Paper, 세계지역전략연구(GR) 22-08, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4521336 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4521336

Jeong-Gon Kim (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Hyoungmin Han

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Yoon Jae Ro

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Doyeon Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Jonghun Pek

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Minhee Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Yoojin Nam

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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