AI Regulations in the Context of Natural Language Processing Research

30 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2023

See all articles by Srishti Kumar

Srishti Kumar

New York University School of Law

Helena U Vrabec

Leiden University - Leiden Law School

Zhongli Xie

Independent

Somaieh Nikpoor

University of Ottawa

Danda Zhao

Independent

Luisa Shinzato

Independent

Renata Eisenberg

Independent

Date Written: July 31, 2023

Abstract

Recent advances in development and applications of AI technologies including Natural Language Processing (NLP) models, such as the newly developed model known as GPT3 that can generate human-line text/speech on demand, has created a great deal of hype and excitement. With increasing use of NLP models, extensive and proper guardrails need to be in place to ensure safety and trustworthiness of these systems.

Numerous policy and regulation initiatives, such as EU AI Act, UNESCO recommendation on AI, US AI Bill of right, OECD AI principle, China’s AI regulatory initiatives, and the US-EU AI agreement, are shaping the global AI regulation landscape. The proposed EU AI Act, which is the world's first comprehensive attempt to regulate AI, is expected to set global standards for emulation by other jurisdictions. NLP models do not escape the existing regulations, notably the rules on data protection such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

In this paper, we briefly introduce some AI regulation initiatives in Chapter 1, we then introduce how the GDPR applies to AI usage in Chapter 2, and we discuss specifically the proposed EU AI Act and its risk-based approach to AI in Chapter 3, and NLP as applied to the risk-based approach of EU AI Act in Chapter 4. In all these chapters, we focus on how these proposals or laws relate to NLP research.

Keywords: AI, Natural Language Processing, GDPR, EU AI Act

Suggested Citation

Kumar, Srishti and U Vrabec, Helena and Xie, Zhongli and Nikpoor, Somaieh and Zhao, Danda and Shinzato, Luisa and Eisenberg, Renata, AI Regulations in the Context of Natural Language Processing Research (July 31, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4526253 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4526253

Srishti Kumar

New York University School of Law ( email )

Helena U Vrabec (Contact Author)

Leiden University - Leiden Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 9520
2300 RA Leiden, NL-2300RA
Netherlands

Zhongli Xie

Independent

Somaieh Nikpoor

University of Ottawa ( email )

200 Wilbrod Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5
Canada

Danda Zhao

Independent

Luisa Shinzato

Independent

Renata Eisenberg

Independent

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