Changing Gender Norms Across Generations: Evidence from a Paternity Leave Reform

57 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2023

See all articles by Lidia Farre

Lidia Farre

University of Barcelona

Christina Felfe

University of St. Gallen; University of St. Gallen - Swiss Institute for Empirical Economic Research (SEW)

Libertad Gonzalez

Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Patrick Schneider

University of Würzburg

Abstract

Social norms are an important barrier to gender convergence. We show that public policy designed to promote gender equality at home can pave the way towards gender convergence by shaping gender norms in the next generation. We combine the introduction of paternity leave in Spain with a large-scale lab-in-the field experiment in secondary schools. Following a local difference-in-differences approach, we show that children born after the policy change exhibit more gender egalitarian attitudes and perceive less stereotypical social norms. They are also more likely to engage in counter-stereotypical day-to-day behaviors and to deviate from the male-breadwinner model in the future.

Keywords: gender equality, gender norms, paternity leave permits

JEL Classification: J08, J13, J16, J18

Suggested Citation

Farre, Lidia and Felfe, Christina and Gonzalez, Libertad and Schneider, Patrick, Changing Gender Norms Across Generations: Evidence from a Paternity Leave Reform. IZA Discussion Paper No. 16341, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4526266 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4526266

Lidia Farre (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

Christina Felfe

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Bodanstrasse 6
St. Gallen, 9000
Switzerland

University of St. Gallen - Swiss Institute for Empirical Economic Research (SEW)

Varnbuelstrasse 14
St. Gallen, 9000
Switzerland

Libertad Gonzalez

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, Barcelona 08005
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Patrick Schneider

University of Würzburg ( email )

Sanderring 2
Würzburg, D-97070
Germany

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