What to Do with a Double-edged Sword? Examining Public Views on Regulating ChatGPT through Third-Person Effect

26 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2023

See all articles by Myojung Chung

Myojung Chung

Northeastern University - College of Arts, Media, and Design

Nuri Kim

Nanyang Technological University (NTU)

S. Mo Jones-Jang

Boston College

Jihyang Choi

Independent

Sangwon Lee

New Mexico State University

Date Written: August 1, 2023

Abstract

This study examined (a) how the general public perceives their own and others’ ability to use ChatGPT appropriately and (b) how such perceptions predict their attitudes toward interventions aimed at minimizing the potential harms associated with this technology, through the lens of the third-person effect. A national survey in the U.S. (N = 1,004) revealed that people believe self is more capable of using ChatGPT in a critical, ethical, and efficient manner than others, demonstrating a third-person perception. Subjective knowledge was identified as an important predictor of this perceptual gap, while actual knowledge of ChatGPT and perceived desirability of ChatGPT did not demonstrate any predictive power. Moreover, when individuals presumed that self is better at the responsible and appropriate use of ChatGPT, they were less likely to support government regulations of ChatGPT, but more likely to support literacy interventions that educate people how to use ChatGPT responsibly.

Keywords: ChatGPT, third-person effect, self-other efficacy, regulation, literacy intervention

Suggested Citation

Chung, Myojung and Kim, Nuri and Jones-Jang, S. Mo and Choi, Jihyang and Lee, Sangwon, What to Do with a Double-edged Sword? Examining Public Views on Regulating ChatGPT through Third-Person Effect (August 1, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4528736 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4528736

Myojung Chung (Contact Author)

Northeastern University - College of Arts, Media, and Design ( email )

360 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States

Nuri Kim

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) ( email )

S3 B2-A28 Nanyang Avenue
Singapore, 639798
Singapore

S. Mo Jones-Jang

Boston College ( email )

140 Commonwealth Avenue
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
United States

Jihyang Choi

Independent ( email )

Sangwon Lee

New Mexico State University ( email )

College of Business
Las Cruces, NM 88003
United States

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