The New Economics of Industrial Policy

48 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2023

See all articles by Réka Juhász

Réka Juhász

University of British Columbia (UBC); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Nathan Lane

Nathaniel Lane; University of Oxford, Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Dani Rodrik

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2023

Abstract

We discuss the considerable literature that has developed in recent years providing rigorous evidence on how industrial policies work. This literature is a significant improvement over the earlier generation of empirical work, which was largely correlational and marred by interpretational problems. On the whole, the recent crop of papers offers a more positive take on industrial policy. We review the standard rationales and critiques of industrial policy and provide a broad overview of new empirical approaches to measurement. We discuss how the recent literature, paying close attention to measurement, causal inference, and economic structure, is offering a nuanced and contextual understanding of the effects of industrial policy. We re-evaluate the East Asian experience with industrial policy in light of recent results. Finally, we conclude by reviewing how industrial policy is being reshaped by a new understanding of governance, a richer set of policy instruments beyond subsidies, and the reality of deindustrialization.

JEL Classification: L5

Suggested Citation

Juhász, Réka and Lane, Nathaniel and Rodrik, Dani, The New Economics of Industrial Policy (August 2023). HKS Working Paper No. RWP23-022#, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4542861 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4542861

Réka Juhász

University of British Columbia (UBC) ( email )

2329 West Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia BC V6T 1Z4
Canada

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Nathaniel Lane

Nathaniel Lane ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/people/nathaniel-lane#/

University of Oxford, Department of Economics ( email )

10 Manor Rd
Oxford, OX1 3UQ
United Kingdom

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Dani Rodrik (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-9454 (Phone)
617-496-5747 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/rodrik/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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