국경간 전자상거래가 글로벌 가치사슬에 미치는 영향 (The Role of Cross-Border e-Commerce in Shaping Global Value Chains)

206 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2023

See all articles by Sangjun Yea

Sangjun Yea

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Hyuk-Hwang Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Hyeyoon Keum

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Seungrae Lee

Kyungpook National University

Date Written: December 30, 2022

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 디지털 경제가 고도화되면서 전자상거래 거래액 규모가 빠른 속도로 늘어나고 있다. 2014년부터 2020년까지 전 세계 B2C 전자상거래 판매액은 연평균 21% 성장하였고, B2B 전자상거래 거래액 규모는 2014년부터 2019년까지 연평균 16% 성장하였다. 전자상거래의 빠른 확산은 국내 거래와 국외 교역 모두에서 나타나는 현상이다. 세계에서 가장 큰 교역국인 중국의 국경간 B2B 전자상거래 규모는 2016년 이후 연평균 18% 증가한 것으로 나타났다. 세계 각국에서 이루어지는 디지털 전환의 장기적인 흐름을 고려할 때 전자상거래는 앞으로 더욱 확대될 것이며, 국경간 전자상거래가 향후 국제무역의 주요 방식으로 자리매김할 것이다. 이에 본 연구는 국경간 교역에서 전자상거래가 늘어날 때 나타나는 변화를 글로벌 가치사슬을 중심으로 다각적으로 분석하고자 하였다.

English Abstract: The continuous development of the digital economy has led to a rising volume of e-commerce. From 2014 to 2020, global B2C e-commerce sales witnessed a yearly increase of 21%, while B2B e-commerce transactions grew by 16% annually from 2014 to 2019. As e-commerce gains ground rapidly, its impact extends to international trade as well. China, being the world’s largest trade partner, experienced an annual increase of 18% in cross-border B2B e-commerce since 2016. With the long-term global trend of digital transformation, e-commerce is expected to continue growing, and cross-border e-commerce will play a significant role in global trade. This study analyzes the economic impacts of expanding cross-border e-commerce on global trade, with a particular emphasis on intermediate goods trade and global value chains.

Keywords: e-commerce, Global Trade, Global Value Chains

Suggested Citation

Yea, Sangjun and Kim, Hyuk-Hwang and Keum, Hyeyoon and Lee, Seungrae, 국경간 전자상거래가 글로벌 가치사슬에 미치는 영향 (The Role of Cross-Border e-Commerce in Shaping Global Value Chains) (December 30, 2022). KIEP Research Paper, 연구보고서(PA) 22-24, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4549008 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4549008

Sangjun Yea (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Hyuk-Hwang Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Hyeyoon Keum

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Seungrae Lee

Kyungpook National University ( email )

Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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