Some Economic Aspects of Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Their Expected Social Value

Forthcoming, CPI TechREG Chronicle, September 2023

14 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2023 Last revised: 31 Aug 2023

See all articles by David S. Evans

David S. Evans

Market Platform Dynamics; Berkeley Research Group, LLC

Date Written: August 27, 2023


Artificial intelligence is a general-purpose technology which will result in disruptive innovation across the economy for many decades to come. AI deserves the superlatives that are often associated with it because it can create enormous social value. That is clear from just considering health care. Early evidence indicates that AI can dramatically improve the accuracy of diagnoses, such as for breast cancer. The deployment of AI as an internet-based technology could help billions of people who lack access to essential medical services. Artificial intelligence has come into its own at an important juncture in human history. Birth rates have fallen sharply for a long time, and below replacement rates, in many parts of the world including the EU, the US, and China. The populations of countries, such as Spain, Japan, and most recently China are declining. AI technologies, which can substitute for human brains, can alleviate the social cost of declining populations. Any discussion of the importance of AI comes with “buts” and the need for laws and regulations. There is no doubt about that. The design of public policy, however, must account for the impact of too little, misguided, or too much regulation on the long-run social value of artificial intelligence.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, economics of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence and empty planet, regulation of artificial intelligence, social value of artificial intelligence

JEL Classification: D04, D61, D62, I11, I14, J13, J18, J24, K20, L51, O31, O33, O34, 040

Suggested Citation

Evans, David S., Some Economic Aspects of Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Their Expected Social Value (August 27, 2023). Forthcoming, CPI TechREG Chronicle, September 2023, Available at SSRN: or

David S. Evans (Contact Author)

Market Platform Dynamics ( email )

140 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, IL 60603
United States

Berkeley Research Group, LLC ( email )

99 High St.
Boston, MA 02110
United States


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