Bridging Communal Divides: Separation, Patronage, Integration

CREDIT Research Paper No. 03/09

Posted: 10 Nov 2003

See all articles by Indraneel Dasgupta

Indraneel Dasgupta

Durham University - Department of Economics and Finance; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Ravi Kanbur

Cornell University; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: July 2003

Abstract

We analyze conflicts between communities. A community-specific public good, to which members make voluntary contributions, defines communities. Some, but not all, members of one community may contribute towards another community's public good. Such 'bridging' contributions will not occur when communities have relatively equal wealth endowments. 'Separation' of communities in this sense provides incentives to individuals to support confiscation of the other community's wealth, thus generating communal conflicts. Individuals' incentives to support inter-community conflicts can be moderated by the presence of a public good common to both communities. Such moderation however occurs only when communities are separated at the level of public goods constitutive of a community's self-identity.

Keywords: Community, Identity, Public goods, Bridge Individuals, Syncretism, Separation, patronage, Meta-community, Communal Conflict

JEL Classification: D31, D63, D74, Z13

Suggested Citation

Dasgupta, Indraneel and Kanbur, Ravi, Bridging Communal Divides: Separation, Patronage, Integration (July 2003). CREDIT Research Paper No. 03/09. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=456901

Indraneel Dasgupta (Contact Author)

Durham University - Department of Economics and Finance ( email )

Durham, DH1 3HY
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Ravi Kanbur

Cornell University ( email )

301-J Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States
607-255-7966 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.kanbur.dyson.cornell.edu

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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