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Comparison of Two Plasma P-Tau217 Assays to Detect and Monitor Alzheimer's Pathology
23 Pages Posted: 19 Sep 2023More...
Background: Blood-based biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have become increasingly important as scalable tools for diagnosis and determining clinical trial eligibility. P-tau217 is the most promising due to its excellent sensitivity and specificity for AD-related pathological changes.
Methods: We compared the performance of two commercially available plasma p-tau217 assays (ALZpath p-tau217 and Janssen p-tau217+) in 294 individuals across the AD continuum evaluated by dementia specialists. Correlations with amyloid-PET and tau-PET were assessed and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses evaluated both p-tau217 assays for identifying AD pathology.
Findings: Both plasma p-tau217 assays were strongly associated with amyloid-PET and tau-PET. Furthermore, both plasma p-tau217 assays identified individuals with AD vs other neurodegenerative diseases (ALZpath AUC=0.95; Janssen AUC=0.96). Additionally, plasma p-tau217 concentrations rose with AD severity and correlated with longitudinal tau-PET change.
Interpretation: Both p-tau217 assays had excellent diagnostic performance for AD. Our study supports the future clinical use of commercially-available assays for p-tau217.
Funding: Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canadian Consortium of Neurodegeneration and Aging, Weston Brain Institute, Brain Canada Foundation, the Fonds de Recherche du Québec.
Declaration of Interest: Joseph Therriault has received consulting fees from the Neurotorium educational platform, outside of the scope of this work. Gallen Triana-Baltzer and Hartmuth Kolb are employees of Janssen R&D. Andreas Jeromin is an employee of Alzpath Inc. Pedro Rosa-Neto has served at scientific advisory boards and/or as a consultant for Roche, Novo Nordisk, Eisai, and Cerveau radiopharmaceuticals. Henrik Zetterberg has served at scientific advisory boards and/or as a consultant for Abbvie, Acumen, Alector, ALZPath, Annexon, Apellis, Artery Therapeutics, AZTherapies, CogRx, Denali, Eisai, Nervgen, Novo Nordisk, Passage Bio, Pinteon Therapeutics, Red Abbey Labs, reMYND, Roche, Samumed, Siemens Healthineers, Triplet Therapeutics, and Wave, has given lectures in symposia sponsored by Cellectricon, Fujirebio, Alzecure, Biogen, and Roche, and is a co-founder of Brain Biomarker Solutions in Gothenburg AB (BBS), which is a part of the GU Ventures Incubator Program (outside submitted work). Kaj Blennow has served as a consultant, at advisory boards, or at data monitoring committees for Abcam, Axon, BioArctic, Biogen, JOMDD/Shimadzu. Julius Clinical, Lilly, MagQu, Novartis, Ono Pharma, Pharmatrophix, Prothena, Roche Diagnostics, and Siemens Healthineers, and is a co-founder of Brain Biomarker Solutions in Gothenburg AB (BBS), which is a part of the GU Ventures Incubator Program, outside the work presented in this paper. All other authors report no disclosures.
Ethical Approval: All participants (or legal representatives) provided written informed consent and the study was approved by the Montreal Neurological Institute PET working committee and the Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Ethics Board.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, blood biomarker, p-tau217, comparison, diagnosis
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation