Examining the Contemporary International Food Instruments and Framework
36 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2023
Date Written: September 28, 2023
The study examines the contemporary legal mechanisms and institutional framework governing the contemporary global food system. The purpose of the study is to explore the rationales behind the exacerbating situation of food insecurity and develop a global food governance model through a legal mechanism and an institutional framework. To do so, this qualitative study uses Theorizing Regulatory Intermediaries model, and Institutional Analysis and Development framework to analyze three categories of international instruments relevant to food security: food safety, standards, and rights. In particular three instruments are examined—(1) the Codex Alimentarius; (2) the World Trade Organization Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement (TBT Agreement); and (3) United Nation General Assembly Resolutions. The study affirms that the contemporary global food system is complex and lacks an institutional framework and governance due to multiple international instruments, which are neither strictly binding in nature nor completely lacking in legal significance, and focuses on food safety during food trade instead of building food security.
Keywords: food security, food law, SPS and TBT Agreement, Codex Alimentarius, food governance, global food system
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