Changes in the Welfare Caseload and the Health of Low-Educated Mothers

37 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2003

See all articles by Robert Kaestner

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Elizabeth Tarlov

University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Health Policy and Administration (HPA)

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

Declines in the welfare caseload in the late 1990s brought significant change to the lives of many low-educated, single mothers. Many single mothers left welfare and entered the labor market and others re-arranged their lives in order to avoid going on public assistance. These changes may have affected the health and health behaviors of these women. To date, there has been no study of this issue. In this paper, we obtained estimates of the association between the welfare caseload and welfare policies, and three health behaviors --smoking, drinking, and exercise and two self-reported measures of health --days in poor mental health, and overall health status. The results of our study reveal that changes in the caseload had little effect on measures of health status, but were significantly associated with two health behaviors: binge drinking and regular exercise. The fall in the welfare caseload was associated with a decrease in binge drinking and an increase in regular and sustained physical activity.

Suggested Citation

Kaestner, Robert and Tarlov, Elizabeth, Changes in the Welfare Caseload and the Health of Low-Educated Mothers (October 2003). NBER Working Paper No. w10034. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=459405

Robert Kaestner (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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New York, NY 10016-4309
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Elizabeth Tarlov

University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Health Policy and Administration (HPA) ( email )

815 W. Van Buren Street, Suite 525
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

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