A Comparison of Option Prices Under Different Pricing Measures in a Stochastic Volatility Model with Correlation
34 Pages Posted: 2 Jan 2004
Date Written: October 3, 2003
This paper investigates option prices in an incomplete stochastic volatility model with correlation. In a general setting, we prove an ordering result which says that prices for European options with convex payoffs are decreasing in the market price of volatility risk.
As an example, and as our main motivation, we investigate option pricing under the class of q-optimal pricing measures. Using the ordering result, we prove comparison theorems between option prices under the minimal martingale, minimal entropy and variance-optimal pricing measures. If the Sharpe ratio is deterministic, the comparison collapses to the well known result that option prices computed under these three pricing measures are the same.
As a concrete example, we specialise to a variant of the Heston model for which the Sharpe ratio is increasing in volatility. For this example we are able to deduce option prices are decreasing in the parameter q. Numerical solution of the pricing pde corroborates the theory and shows the magnitude of the differences in option price due to varying q. Choice of "q" is shown to influence the level of the implied volatility smile for options of varying maturity.
Keywords: stochastic volatility, pricing measure, market price of volatility risk, Heston model
JEL Classification: D52, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
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By Aleš Černý
By Aleš Černý