Reading the Actions May Help to Prevent Road Accidents

40 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2023

See all articles by Raffaella Nori

Raffaella Nori

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Micaela Maria Zucchelli

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Pierluigi Cordellieri

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alessandro Quaglieri

University of Rome III

Massimiliano Palmiero

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Paola Guariglia

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Marco Giancola

University of L'Aquila - Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences

Anna Maria Giannini

University of Rome III

Laura Piccardi

Sapienza University of Rome - Department of Psychology

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

Drivers determine their driving behaviour using both external information and by considering the hypothetical driving behaviours of other drivers. However, several internal factors determine road safety. This work aims to analyse the relationship between Theory of Mind ability (Cognitive and Affective) and Driving Style in road safety, considering different vehicles involved in the collision in non-expert drivers. A sample of 207 participants (164 females) completed two tasks measured Cognitive and Affective Theory of Mind, a self-measured questionnaire to assess participants’ driving style and driving behaviours. Moreover, they have to judge the probability of a road crash and the level of danger in 12 videos involving cars, motorcycles, heavy vehicles and pedestrians. The results of structural equation models showed that cognitive ToM contributes to reducing road accidents in perceiving the probability of occurrence of risk and dangerous situations in relation to specific driving styles, that is, Risky and Angry, but does not have any influence in predicting driving behaviours. Results are discussed with the Embedded Simulated Theory based on Mirror Neurons (MNs) research. Such as for road safety, it is crucial to create Artificial Intelligence drive assistance considering cognitive Theory of Mind and driving style as important cognitive factors to assist non-expert drivers in reducing road accidents.

Keywords: Driving Style, road safety, Theory of Mind, Novice Drivers, Embedded Simulation

Suggested Citation

Nori, Raffaella and Zucchelli, Micaela Maria and Cordellieri, Pierluigi and Quaglieri, Alessandro and Palmiero, Massimiliano and Guariglia, Paola and Giancola, Marco and Giannini, Anna Maria and Piccardi, Laura, Reading the Actions May Help to Prevent Road Accidents. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4598466 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4598466

Raffaella Nori (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Micaela Maria Zucchelli

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Pierluigi Cordellieri

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Alessandro Quaglieri

University of Rome III ( email )

Massimiliano Palmiero

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Paola Guariglia

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Marco Giancola

University of L'Aquila - Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences ( email )

Anna Maria Giannini

University of Rome III ( email )

Laura Piccardi

Sapienza University of Rome - Department of Psychology ( email )

Rome
Italy

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