Are Executive Stock Options Associated with Future Earnings
Posted: 5 Nov 2003
We estimate the relation between stock option (ESO) grants to the top five executives and future earnings to examine whether incentive alignment or rent extraction by top managers explains option granting behavior. The future operating income associated with a dollar of Black-Scholes value of an ESO grant is $3.71. To understand the source of these positive payoffs, we parse out ESO grant values into components predicted by economic determinants of option grants, governance quality, and a residual grant value. The payoffs to ESOs appear to be driven predominantly by the economic determinants of option grants and not poor governance quality.
Keywords: management compensation, stock options, incentive alignment, rent extraction
JEL Classification: G12, G30, J33, M41
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