Can Rational Expectations Sticky-Price Models Explain Inflation Dynamics
31 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2003
Date Written: September 3, 2003
The canonical inflation specification in sticky-price rational expectations models (the new-Keynesian Phillips curve) is often criticized on the grounds that it fails to account for the dependence of inflation on its own lags. In response, many recent studies have employed a "hybrid" sticky-price specification in which inflation depends on a weighted average of lagged and expected future values of itself, in addition to a driving variable such as the output gap. In this paper, we consider some simple tests of the hybrid model that are derived from the model's closed-form solution. Our results suggest that the hybrid model provides a poor description of empirical inflation dynamics, and that there is little evidence of the type of rational forward-looking behavior implied by the model.
Keywords: Inflation, Phillips curve
JEL Classification: E31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation