Generalizing the Causal Effect of Fertility on Female Labor Supply

31 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2003  

Guillermo Cruces

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS); IZA

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

We study the effect of fertility on labor supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. Our results constitute the first external validation of the estimates obtained for the US. External validation of empirical results is central to the making of rigorous science, but there are very few attempts to establish it. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and
there are fewer facilities for childcare.

Keywords: Causality, Internal and External Validity, Childbearing and Female Labor Supply

JEL Classification: J13, J22

Suggested Citation

Cruces, Guillermo and Galiani, Sebastian, Generalizing the Causal Effect of Fertility on Female Labor Supply (October 2003). William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 625. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=462101 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.462101

Guillermo Cruces (Contact Author)

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) ( email )

Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y
Sociales, Calle 6 e/47 y 48
La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires 1900
Argentina

HOME PAGE: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar

IZA

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

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